A year-long ethnographic study of young children's language was conducted in a pre-kindergarten classroom. The investigation focused on the teachers' direct instruction and the children's emerging communicative competence in the rules and structure of group conversation. The class "Morning Meeting" was recorded once or twice a week for the entire year; a subset of these recordings formed the data set for the analysis. Of particular interest were communication behaviors that emphasized... ( 1 reviews ) Topic: Children -- Language -- Research
This phenomenological investigation used an inductive qualitative research approach with multiple instruments and processes including a survey, interviews, classroom observations, concept maps, and classroom materials for data. The results suggest that middle school science teachers' ability to teach science in a connected and coherent fashion may be tied to their mental schema for organizing science ideas, curriculum materials, and their reflections on what they are teaching and why. --Abstract Topic: Science -- Study and teaching (Middle school) -- Case studies
This study examines how elementary school teachers learned to teach mathematics during their pre-service education and during their first few years of teaching. The study identifies those experiences teachers found to be most significant in their development as mathematics teachers. All seven teachers in this study had been taught using procedural methods and each had to find a way to integrate conceptual mathematics education into their own understanding. The study examines the teachers'... Topic: Mathematics teachers -- Training of
In this study with 9th-12th grade students in an urban Massachusetts school, I consider the question 'How can theater education develop a sense of voice and identity in adolescents?' Students in a drama class engaged in a variety of performance techniques including: interview theater, improvisation, and pantomime while considering the concept of voice/identity development. They then created an interview based script focused on an issue of their choice: the rules of the school and how they were... Topics: Identity (Psychology) in adolescence, Drama in education -- Massachusetts -- Case studies
Research suggests that conflicts are much more likely to re-ignite in societies which have large Diaspora communities in the United States. This study examines the role of American Jewish, Arab, and other Middle Eastern Diaspora communities in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and addresses the generally neglected role of trauma and emotions in perpetuating conflict. The project employed group relations conference methodology to conduct the inquiry. A group relations lens allows one to look at... Topics: Diaspora, Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Group relations, Peace, Leadership, Trauma, Reconciliation
Encounter Theatre as a Means of Social Change and Empowerment is an analysis of the principles and application procedures for the use of Participatory Theatre (a form of interactive theatre), that is conceived, developed, and produced as an educational and therapeutic tool in addressing social, cultural, and political issues in varying communities. --Abstract Topic: Theater and society -- United States
The purpose of this study was to identify and understand changes that endured in teachers' knowledge and practice after participation in professional development. Case studies were conducted with five teachers who completed a common professional development course in pedagogy... --Abstract Topic: Teachers -- In-service training -- United States -- Case studies
This study answered the question, "How to teach for the Aesthetic Experience in the visual arts?" Six women art educators served as study participants. The researcher identified five components of aesthetic experience: perception, cognition, imagination, emotion, and discovery. Informed by theories of conversational teaching methods, aesthetic development, and adult development, the researcher designed and executed a qualitative case study that incorporated all five components. Art... Topic: Arts -- Study and teaching (Higher)
The purpose of this study was to examine leadership in the faith-based community from the perspective of six members of the Executive Board of the Black Ministerial Alliance of Greater Boston. Using portraiture methodology the research qualitatively examined leadership through the lived experiences of four male and two female members of the board... The study found common trends, which formed the leadership of these six men and women, and made recommendation on how the faith-based community can... Topic: African Americans -- Massachusetts -- Boston -- Religion.
This study has investigated the sources of resilience in a sample of Palestinians who experienced the first Intifada and are now studying in the United States. The study found that family and community support, the pursuit of an education, and participation in artistic activities all contribute to individual resilience among Palestinians. In addition, political awareness and activity are another source of resilience, because they help individuals living under Occupation to find meaning in their... Topics: Expressive arts therapy, Resilience, Trauma, Palestinian Arabs, Arab-Israeli Conflict
The purpose of this study is twofold: to identify play and literacy practices that are useful in an inclusive early childhood classroom and to demonstrate how these practices contribute to the development of children with and without disabilities. Play and literacy teaching practices are documented in this study of four preschool children. Two of the children have typical development patterns and two have mild to moderate special needs. --Abstract Topic: Play environments
Research was conducted on four leaders of for-profit organizations… By conducting in-depth interviews with these leaders and their middle-level managers, individual's mental models were analyzed and degrees of congruence between their espoused theories and their actual behaviors and actions were illuminated. --Abstract Topics: Leadership -- Psychological aspects, Organizational change
This qualitative study investigates the professional development experiences part-time faculty identify as positive. The purpose is to examine how positive professional development experiences inform part-time faculty's subsequent teaching, and what relational qualities if any are present in those positive experiences. --Abstract Topic: College teachers -- In-service training -- Case studies
Researchers, practitioners, and policy makers in the field of foreign language study in higher education in the United States are familiar with the phenomenon of declining numbers among learners in advanced foreign language courses… This study offers new direction in understanding the dropout phenomenon. Its goal is to examine the characteristics of learners at the advanced level as a means to explain and understand their motivation to pursue advanced language with the hope that these... Topic: Language and languages -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Psychological aspects
The purpose of this investigation was to identify the professional beliefs of middle level educators who integrate the curriculum and the conditions that support the implementation of curriculum integration. Ten middle level teachers who represented two interdisciplinary teams participated in the study. --Abstract Topic: Middle schools -- New England -- Curricula -- Research
This qualitative case study investigates the nature and role of a college mentor in facilitating the metacognitive development of college students with learning disabilities (LD). The researcher used three primary sources to triangulate the data for the inquiry: individual interviews with a mentor of college students with LD and three of her students; observations of sessions between the mentor and her students; and, documents from student files. --Abstract Topic: Learning disabled -- Education (Higher) -- Case studies
This research was an exploratory study of elementary school science education as implemented by five exemplary teachers in grades one through five, situated in four school districts of a Rhode Island Local Systemic Change initiative. This study sought to characterize the presence of inquiry-based teaching consistent with the tenets of constructivism and scientific inquiry as expressed in the book Inquiry and the National Science Foundation Standards: A Guide for Teaching and Learning (National... Topic: Science -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Activity programs -- Research
This qualitative research study examines some of the ways in which the healing process takes place in adults who have experienced dissociation, and who have most likely been psycholigically traumatized before full language development. --Abstract Topics: Psychic trauma in children, Dissociative disorders
Today's nurses work and live in a multicultural society where they encounter patients whose backgrounds are different from theirs, and who need care from nurses who are both proficient in their work and knowledgeable about the role that culture plays in patient treatment. In this study, 45 student nurses enrolled in a baccalaureate program at a northeastern urban college completed a survey about their perceptions of care and culture including their relevance and application to the practice of... Topics: Health sciences, Nursing, Intercultural communication, Nursing education, Student nurses, Nursing...
This dissertation examines the literacy practices embedded in the home environment of a group of 5 Brazilian Head Start children. It elucidates the difficulties and challenges of immigration that influenced their home environments and describes the literacy practices embedded within these home environments. --Abstract Topics: Head Start programs -- United States, Reading -- Parent participation
The present study is an attempt to probe, explore, and provide an appropriate educational method for engineering retraining programs. The central concerns and implications of this study revolve around: who engineers are, how they learn, why they need to learn, and what they have to learn. The existing retraining programs also will be evaluated in order to develop a suitable retraining program for engineers. --Abstract Topic: Engineers -- Training of
The purpose of this study was to understand how the mentoring relationship and its organizational supports help to inform mentoring programs in public schools. Mentoring is defined as a complex interaction between a public school teacher, the mentor, and a new-to-the-district teacher, the protege. The mentoring relationship is examined from the perspectives of the mentor and the protege. --Abstract Topic: Mentoring in education -- United States
This study focuses on identifying the primary concerns parents have at school entry for their children. The investigation is a qualitative analysis of data derived from a series of ten parent focus group sessions conducted in a large northeastern school district. The ten sessions were conducted over a period of four months for a total of twenty hours of data. Regular members of the focus group included four parents who had 4 and 5 year old children in an early childhood literacy program, a... Topics: Parent and child, Early childhood education, Language arts (Preschool)
In this study, I examine why the subject of art has been marginalized in the public schools. I also suggest a way to remedy the situation. My analysis concerning why art has been marginalized comes from an integration of insights from three discourses: feminism, postmodernism, and the perspective implied by the literature of the recovery community. Writers in all three discourses suggest that the world view of the dominant culture is based on a separation between self and other and between... Topic: Art -- Study and teaching -- United States.
This study explores the ways and means that museum educators build their expertise to practice museum education. A qualitative methodology was utlilized in this examination, incorporating aspects of grounded theory and phenomenological research. Fifteen museum educators in science-related museums in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, who worked extensively with teachers, were selected as respondents... -- Abstract Topic: Museums -- Educational aspects --Massachusetts -- Case studies
This study investigated the symbols of representation young children choose to incorporate when they draw route maps of familiar interior spaces, based on the premise that development of map-making skills might unfold in much the same stage-like manner as the development of the ability to draw the human figure. --Abstract Topic: Space perception in children
This study presents the stories of four urban middle school principals engaged in reform that is grounded on the core principle that every early adolescent has the capacity for high-level intellectual development. Data collected over two years through formal interviews and informal conversations with principals and teachers, school and district surveys and reports, student test data, and personal observations were analyzed from a systems thinking theoretcial framework to assess each principal's... Topic: Middle school principals -- United States -- Attitudes.
This study explores the essential factors needed in adolescent youth programs, which intend to promote resilience, well being, and meaning making as a part of the healthy development of adolescent girls. The research explores the role of the arts, community building, mentoring, service, and reflection on this development. The context is Side by Side, a summer leadership development program. In a qualitative case study approach, the data is organized primarily from the written and spoken words... Topics: Teenage girls -- Identity, Community arts projects
This research explored the transformational and co-transformational potential of collage, assemblage and mixed media in an accelerated undergraduate adult course on imagination and creativity. The methods were qualitative and arts-based artist-teacher inquiry within a constructivist art class for ten, female adult learners. Informed by the researcher's living inquiry through visual auto-ethnography, a collagist methodology shaped the research, including syllabus construction, course delivery... Topics: Adult learning, Adult education, Art study and teaching, Collage, Mixed media, Assemblage, Creative...
Many American classroom teachers fervently claim not to be able to sing and are considered 'non-singers.' Studies reported here reveal a paradox : put in a context where singing is approached from another perspective, those same people can and do sing. How did they come to think of themselves otherwise? A close look at the terms 'singer' and 'singing' reveals the ways in which the meanings of these words are socially and culturally constructed... --Abstract Topic: Singing -- Instruction and study.
Educating over 49% of those who attend higher education, public colleges and universities must assume a more dynamic leadership role during this societal transformation if New Majority students are to develop the intellectual skills required to compete effectively in today's marketplace. By adopting an information literacy culture, public higher education can foster the intellectual empowerment needed by New Majority students to evolve into competent life-long learners and contributors to... Topics: Educational equalization, Computer literacy
This arts based phenomenological study with immigrant women explores the migratory and creative processes from the perspective of the Hero's archetype, viewed by Jung as a template for individuation. Its objective is to gain further insight into the contribution of art therapy to healing the fragmentation of identity inherent in the transition between two - often radically different - cultures. --Abstract Topics: Arts -- Therapeutic use -- Research, Women immigrants -- Cross-cultural studies
This qualitative investigation was based on grounded and feminist methodology and examined the reactions, of ten fourth grade students, to the gender roles depicted in orally told folk tales. Data consisted of surveys, writing samples, and interviews, collected in both mixed and single gender groups. These data were then transcribed and analyzed using open and axial coding procedures. --Abstract Topic: Sex role -- Folklore
The purpose of this study was to investigate the integration of contemplative practice into higher education. The intention of such integration would be to facilitate a students ability to hear and follow an intuitive call. Intuition was defined as an immediate, unmediated or tacit way of knowing; calls or callings as inner directives towards meaningful life pursuits. Intuition and calls were seen as overlapping and interchangeable terms. The literature review for this study explored relevant... Topics: Holistic education, Contemplation, Higher education, Education, Higher--Philosophy, Vocation,...
The British author and educator Alice Yardley (1913-2002) worked in Nottingham City Schools (UK) as a teacher and headteacher between 1934 and 1961, and was instrumental in the evolution of the English Infant School for five to seven year olds as a model of progressive theory and practice in action... Based on information gathered from interviews with Alice Yardley over a three year period (1999-2002) and incorporating a number of primary sources, including her memoir, notebooks, archival... Topic: Education, Preschool -- England -- History
The author investigated the experience of embodied dreamwork. Participants were eight Puerto Rican women who were chronically ill, of low socioeconomic status, who lived in Boston. The data were analyzed using transcendental phenomenology. Each participant engaged in one embodied dreamwork-unstructured interview session lasting approximately 1.5 hours. In addition, each participant drew a picture of how she felt after the dreamwork interview. This snowball, purposive sample gave detailed... Topics: Health sciences, Mental health, Psychology, Counseling, Phenomenology, Art therapy,...
The Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP) Program is the subject of this research study. MVP is a high school leadership and mentoring program that focuses on promoting gender respect and preventing harassment, sexual harassment and teen dating abuse in middle schools and high schools. --Abstract Topic: Mentoring in education -- United States
Given that a review of the available literature suggests links between the problems of school safety (both physical and emotional) and low student achievement, effective school reform needs to address both issues simultaneously. Most education reformers, though doubtless concerned about safety, have, in the wake of the outcomes-based movement in American education, focused mainly on raising student test scores through increasingly standardizing school structures. As well intentioned as... Topics: Education--Philosophy of, Education--Curriclum and instruction, Achievement, Conflict resolution,...
Traditional approaches to college mathematics support focus on cognitive aspects of the student's approach and only incidentally address affective problems such as mathematics and testing anxiety. Because such affective conditions may be symptoms of underlying relational problems rooted in a student's learning history, I proposed a brief relational mathematics counseling approach that integrates cognitive constructivist mathematics tutoring into a brief relational conflict counseling framework.... Topic: Mathematics -- Study and teaching (Higher)
The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of three veteran teachers in an elementary school in which there was an explicit commitment to fostering children's reflection about their own learning. --Abstract Topics: Reflection (Philosophy) -- Case studies, Teaching
Are there alternatives to using violence between groups that have a history of collective mass violence between them? This is the underlying concern motivating the study: This concern is guided by my personal experience as a third generation Indian, growing up on stories of the 1947 India-Pakistan partition. The 1947 Partition was an event of collective mass violence between Hindus and Muslims. The two countries have since been "enemies." Despite the death and displacement of millions... Topics: Pakistan -- Foreign relations -- India, India -- Foreign relations -- Pakistan
The purpose of this study was to learn from 18 adult students, all of whom grew-up working class and many of whom were living working-class lives as adults, the meaning of returning to school and earning a liberal arts degree from an open-enrollment program, Harvard University Extension (HES), which is part of a selective, elite institution: Harvard University... --Abstract Topic: Adult education -- Massachusetts -- Cambridge -- Harvard University
The Dialogue study is concerned with understanding how Dialogue could be applied to faculty development. Dialogue is a structured form of group interaction developed as an organizational behavior tool (Isaacs, 1993) which creates space for practitioner assumptions to be probed and insight into practice achieved… The study focused on self-selected multi-discipline faculty from a four year institution and a public medical school. --Abstract Topics: Dialogue analysis, College teachers -- In-service training